Institute of Philology of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Philology  
 
Critique and Semiotics
По-русски
Archive
Founders
Editorial Board and Editorial Council
Our ethical principles
Submission requirements
Process for Submission and Publication
Editor's office
Search:


Email

Article

Name: The Russian Acropolis – About logocentrism between symbolism and avant-garde

Authors: A. А. Hansen-Löve

LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITÄT MÜNCHEN

Issue 2, 2017Pages 52-72
UDK: 82.0DOI:

Abstract: The article deals with the traditions of logocentrism in Russian culture, especially the cult of the written text and the «living word», proceeding from Mandelstam’s statement, that the acropolis of the Russians is constituted by the «word» («On the nature of the word») and not by the architecture of buildings. This particular type of «nominalism» (in fact it would be a verbal «realism» in the sense of the classical philosophy of language) is to be found in the poetics of Gogol, esp. in his groteque stories «The Nose» and the «Overcoat », whre the names of the heroes figures not merely as attributes but rather as the semantic essence of their verbal nature. Gogol generates a mythopoetics of the «name», from which the art of the word is developing from the seed of the word into texts and fictional characters, incarnating their proper names. In combination with the concepts of «Kratylism» (Platon) and the Humboldt tradition (Potebnya) of Language philosophy this concept strongly influenced mythopoetics of Russian Symbolism (A. Vyacheslav Ivanov, Andrey Bely) as well as the philosophy of imjaslavie, developed by P. Florensky, and the onomatopoetics of Velimir Khlebnikov. A detailed confrontation of Florensky’s and Kh lebnikov’s «onomato-poetics» constitutes the center of the article. On the one hand we have the metphysics of the religious phil osophy (Florensky), on the other hand the mythopoetics of Khl ebnikov and his archaic thinking. Proceeding from his neoprimitivist poetics Roman Jakobson generalized his structural poetics (in his «the Newest Russian Poetry», 1921) and on the whole the international movement of «structuralism». the main idea in Jakobsons «linguistic turn» is the acceptance of the verbal reality of the poetic text, analogous to the «psychic reality» in Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of the verbal precesses in the unconscious. In both cases the sphere of realistic probability (pravdopodobie, ad Jakobson has formulated it in his article on the nature of realism, «O художественном реализме») is presented.

Keywords: logocentrism, mythopoetics, Gogol, Russian Symbolism, imyaslavie, philosophy of the name, P. Florensky, onomatopoetics, V. Khlebnikov, R. Jakobson

Bibliography:

1913. «Slovo kak takovoe»: k jubilejnomu godu russkogo futurizma. SPb.: Izd-vo Evropejskogo un-ta v Sankt-Peterburge, 2015. 528 c.

Belyj A. Simvolizm. Kniga statej [S predisloviem i primechanijami avtora]. M.: Musaget, 1910. 635 s.

Belyj А. Symbolism. Paper statue [With preposterous and foolhardy au-thor]. M .: Musaget, 1910. 635 p.

Florenskij P., svjashh. Maloe sobr. soch. M.: Kupina, 1993. 319 s. Vyp. 1: Imena.

Ivanov Vjach. About the Limits of Art // Ivanov Vjach. Collected Works. Brüssel, 1974. Vol. 2. P. 627–652.

Ivanov Vjach. O granicah iskusstva // Ivanov Vjach. Sobr. soch. Brjussel', 1974. T. 2. S. 627–652.

Jejhenbaum B. O proze. Sbornik statej. L.: Hudozh. lit., 1969.

Literary manifestations from the symbolism to our day. M., 2000.

Literaturnye manifesty ot simvolizma do nashih dnej. M., 2000.

Lotman Ju. M., Uspenskij B. A. Mif – imja – kul'tura // Uchen. zap. Tart. gos. un-ta. 1973. Vyp. 308. S. 282–303. (Trudy po znakovym sistemam. VI).

Lotman Y. M., Uspenskii B. A. Mif – name – culture // Scientific notes of the Tartu State University. 1973. Vol. 308. P. 282–303. (Proceedings on Sign Systems VI).

Mandel'shtam O. E. O prirode slova // Mandel'shtam O. E. Sobr. soch.: V 2 t. / Sost. S. S. Averincev, P. M. Nerler. M., 1990. T. 2. S. 172–187.

Russkie narodnye kartinki: [V 2 t.] / Sobral i opisal D. A. Rovinskij. Posmertnyj trud pechatan pod nabljudeniem N. P. Sobko. SPb.: Izd. R. Golike, 1900.

Trockij L. Literatura i revoljucija. Pechataetsja po izd. 1923 g. URL: https://www.e-reading.club/book.php?book=1046845.

Institute of Philology
Nikolaeva st., 8, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
+7-383-330-15-18, ifl@philology.nsc.ru
© Institute of Philology